Edith Windsor (1929-2017) was an
LGBT rights activist in the United States. The 2013 civil rights case United States v. Windsor, in which she
was lead plaintiff, is considered a landmark victory for the rights of same-sex
She was a technology manager for
IBM, and helped many LGBT groups become ‘tech literate’. She continued her
activism throughout her life, even after winning the case that ruled that the
definition of marriage only as between one man and one woman is unconstitutional.
Susana López Charretón (b. 1957) is a
Mexican virologist. She won the 2012 L’Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science Award for her work
She obtained her PhD in basic biomedical
research from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and now works for its
Institute of Biotechnology. Her research was instrumental in identifying how
rotaviri cause the death of 600,000 children every year.
Alice Turner Schafer (1915-2009) was one
of the founders of the Association for Women in Mathematics. She was determined
to offer women better educational opportunities, especially in the field.
She completed her studies at the
University of Richmond, Virginia, at a time when women were not allowed inside
the campus library. She then obtained her PhD from the University of Chicago,
and later became a teacher, focusing especially on students with learning difficulties
and creating special classes for them. In 1985 she became a fellow of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Evelyn Irons (1900-2000) was a
Scottish journalist who acted as a war correspondent during World War II. She
was the first woman to be decorated with the French Croix de Guerre for this
She was initially hired with the beauty
page of the Daily Mail, but chose to
report on the war as soon as it broke out. Despite objections regarding the
presence of female reporters on the battlefield, she was one of the first
journalists to reach liberated Paris, and the first female journalist to reach
Hitler’s Eagle Nest. In 1935, she became the first woman to be awarded the
Stanhope Gold Medal by the Royal Humane Society.