Henriette Avram (1919-2006)
was a systems analyst and computer programmer. She was responsible for
developing the MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging) format, which allowed for
many library functions to become automatized.
After studying mathematics at George Washington University,
she became one of the first ever computer programmers. The MARC Project revolutionised
both librarianship and information science, replacing traditional paper
catalogues with digital ones, and paving the way for many other improvements.