Schneiderman (1882-1972) was a Polish-American
activist for women’s and worker’s rights. She is credited with coining the
phrase ‘bread and roses’, which represents the rights of the working class to
an existence beyond mere subsistence.
Her family emigrated from Poland to New
York when she was eight, and she was forced to abandon school and start working
in a factory only five years later. Later, she became involved with the New
York Women’s Trade Union League, organising strikes and pushing for worker’s
rights. She was a founding member of the American Civil Liberties Union.