Michaels (1939-2017) was a feminist and civil
rights activist during the 1950s and 1960s. She was responsible for popularising
the form of address Ms. as a way to refer to women without taking into account
their marital status.
She started her activism by working for the
Congress of Racial Equality in New York. She first introduced the idea of using
the term Ms. in 1961, and eventually caught the attention of Gloria Steinem,
who named her feminist magazine after it.