Maria Cuţarida-Crătunescu (1857-1919) was the first female doctor in
Romania. She was also the founder of the Maternal Society and of the first
creche in the country.
She trained to be
a doctor in Switzerland and France, graduating magna cum laude in 1884.
By 1891 she was the head of the gynecology department at the Filantropia
Hospital in Bucharest. A strong supporter of women’s rights, she presented her
study on the intellectual work of Romanian women at a 1900 Congress in Paris,
making the issue known across borders.