Elizabeth Garrett (1963-2016) was the first female president of Cornell University.
She ascended to the role in 2015, but served for less than a year, tragically
dying of cancer while in office.
She studied law at the University of
Virginia, and later became a legal advisor for the Iran – US Claim Tribunal at
The Hague. She was a professor and deputy dean for academic affairs at the
University of Chicago and a visiting professor at numerous other institutions
around the world.
Cramp (b. 1929) is a British archaeologist and academic. She was the first
female professor appointed at Durham University, where she taught for almost four
After completing her studies at Oxford, she
became a lecturer at Durham University in 1955 and was appointed Professor of
Archaeology in 1971. She also served as the President of the Council for
British Archaeology, Vice-President of the Royal Archaeological Institute and
President of the Society of Antiquaries of London.
Scott (1921-2019) was an
American historian, specialised in the history of the South, with a focus on
women in history. She taught at Duke University, where she became the first
female chair of the history department.
Her best known book
is the 1970 The Southern Lady: From
Pedestal to Politics, now considered a classic and a stepping stone in the
field of Southern women’s history. She served as the president of the Organization
of American Historians and of the Southern Historical Association.
Maddison (1869-1950) was an English mathematician.
Her work focused on differential equations.
She studied at Cambridge and obtained a first-class
degree result in her Mathematical Tripos Exam, but was not awarded a degree on
account of her gender. She later got a resident mathematics fellowship at Bryn
Mawr College, where she received her PhD in 1896. A few years later, she became
associate professor and assistant to the president of the College. She put
together a thorough list of university courses open to women in Canada and the
1941) is a British anthropologist and professor at the University of Cambridge.
Her research focused on the Mount Hagen people of Papua New Guinea, as well as
on reproductive technologies in the UK.
She was an expert in feminist anthropology, and
published numerous works on gender norms and the status of women in the groups
she studied. She is a Fellow of the British Academy and has received several
honorary degrees from universities around the world.
Langer (1895-1985) was one of the first women in
American history to be professionally recognised as a philosopher. She is best
known for her 1942 book Philosophy in a
New Key, a thorough study of human thought.
She studied at Radcliffe College and
Harvard, obtaining her doctorate from the latter. Her academic career spanned
decades at numerous institutions across the United States. Although not
particularly well known, she is recognised as a trailblazer for female philosophers
and an important contributor to the discipline.
Amanda Vickery (b. 1962) is an English
historian and professor. She teaches early modern history at Queen Mary,
University of London.
She holds a PhD in modern history from the
University of London and has won several prizes for her work, including the
Whitfield Prize or the Wolfson History Prize. She is also well known for hosting
a series of BBC history programmes, such as Story
of Women and Art, which was shortlisted for a Scottish Bafta.
Cabot Agassiz (1822-1907)
was a pioneer of female education and academic endeavours. Among other
accomplishments, she was the co-founder and first president of Radcliffe
In 1869 she became one of the first female
members of the American Philosophical Society. From 1879 onwards, the so-called
“Harvard Annex” for female education grew under her care to become Radcliffe College
and offer women the same academic possibilities as men.
was a microbiologist and academic from Ireland. She was the first female Deputy
President and Registrar of University College Dublin.
She studied at University College and Trinity
College Dublin, earning a PhD in Microbiology. She became the chairwoman of the
National Council for Curriculum and Assessment in 1996, making her one of the
most influential persons in Irish education.
1942) is an Icelandic academic and political scientist. She is a leading figure
in the research into the concept of love on an international level.
She is the co-director
of the GEXcel International Collegium for Advanced Transdisciplinary Gender
Studies, as well as Professor Emerita at the Center for Feminist Social Studies
at Orebro University. She has written several books on the politics of gender,
such as Why Women Are Oppressed or Love:
A Question for Feminism in the Twenty-first Century.