1941) is a British anthropologist and professor at the University of Cambridge.
Her research focused on the Mount Hagen people of Papua New Guinea, as well as
on reproductive technologies in the UK.
She was an expert in feminist anthropology, and
published numerous works on gender norms and the status of women in the groups
she studied. She is a Fellow of the British Academy and has received several
honorary degrees from universities around the world.
Nuttall (1857-1933) was an archaeologist and anthropologist. Her specialty was
the pre-Aztec culture of Mexico and Mesoamerican cultures.
One of her greatest achievements is tracing the 14th-century
Mixtec Codex, now named the Codex Zouche-Nuttall, and publish it in 1902. She
wrote numerous books on the culture of Mesoamerica, and was Honorary
Professor of Archaeology at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico.
Katherine Dunham (1909-2006) was one
of the most successful dancers of the 20th century. She is known as ‘the
queen mother of black dance’.
She studied anthropology at the
University of Chicago, focusing on dances of the African diaspora. She started
her own dance company, Ballets
Nègres, in 1931, one of the very first black ballet companies in the
United States. She opened her own school of dance in 1945, which later evolved
into the Katherine Dunham School of Arts.
Ruth Benedict (1887-1948) was an influential anthropologist. She served as the President of the American Anthropological Association and taught at renowned universities around the country.
She is best remembered for works such as Patterns of Culture (1934), still standard reading for university anthropology courses, and The Chrysantemum and the Sword, an in-depth study of Japanese culture. She also wrote fiction and biographies of notable women in order to highlight their achievements.
Mead (1901-1978) was an anthropologist who extensively studied and wrote about
attitudes towards sex in Southeast Asian and Pacific cultures. Her frank
descriptions helped to influence Western thinking and the sexual revolution in
She obtained her PhD from Columbia University in 1929, and did fieldwork
in countries such as Samoa or Papua New Guinea. She published numerous
monographs on Eastern cultures, helping to educate the American public on
issues of sexuality, gender, and race.
Anita Brenner (1905-1974) was a
Jewish-Mexican scholar who wrote extensively about the culture and art of her
home country, being responsible for coining the term “Mexican renaissance” to
describe the cultural revival after the revolution in the 1910s.
She had a PhD in Anthropology,
and wrote a number of books, such as the 1927 Idols Behind Altars or The
Wind that Swept Mexico in 1943. This latter book is the first complete
account of the events surrounding the Mexican Revolution.