Käsebier (1852-1934) was a photographer, active in the 19th and 20th
centuries. She is best known for her images of Native Americans and portraits
She was a homemaker until the age of 37, when she started attending the
Pratt Institute of Art and Design, and later went to study the chemistry of
photography in Germany. Her first exhibition was at the Boston Camera Club in
1895. She cultivated a close friendship with the Sioux and photographed many
Native Americans in her studio. In 1910, she founded the Women’s Professional
Photographers Association of America.
Brooks (1874-1970) was a painter who specialised in
portraits. She is best known for her paintings of women in masculine or
She started studying art in Rome, where she
was the only female student in her life drawing class – a very unusual place for
a woman at the time. She later moved to Capri, where she lived and worked in
poverty; she found success later on, in the art circles of Paris. She was also
well known for her uninhibited lifestyle and sexuality, and the love triangle
she formed with Natalie Clifford Barney and Lily de Gramont.
Above, right: Miss Natalie Barney, 1920
Hinkson (1925-2014) was a dancer and choreographer,
best known for her collaboration with the Martha Graham Dance Company. She was
credited with breaking racial boundaries in ballet and modern dance.
She obtained formal training at the
University of Wisconsin and was recruited into Martha Graham’s company in 1951.
Two years later, she obtained the role of principal dancer in the production Bluebeard’s Castle. She was also a
teacher with the Juilliard School of Music and the Dance Theatre of Harlem.
was one of the most important sculptors working in New York City. She was the
author of the first public monument in the city created by a woman.
She had a thriving career and was mostly
known for her animal sculptures, which are now on display in many places across
the United States, including for example Columbia University, Central Park and
the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Her statue of Joan of Arc was the first
monument in New York dedicated to a woman in history.
Aasta Hansteen (1824-1908) was a
writer, painter and feminist from Norway. She was famous for her work even
during her lifetime, and at one point was the only portrait artist in Oslo.
In addition to painting, she wrote for newspapers
and contributed to the women’s rights movement in her country, as an active
member of the Norwegian Association for Women’s Rights.
Mary Brewster Hazelton
(1868-1953) was a
painter, specializing in portraiture. She was a founding member of the
Wellesley Society of Arts and the first ever recipient of the Hallgarten Prize
from the National Academy of Design.
She studied at the School of the Museum of Fine
Arts in Boston and was the first traveling scholar of the organization, going
to perfect her work across Europe. Her winning the Hallgarten Prize in 1896
marked the first time a woman had ever won a non-gender specific award.
Sisters at a Piano, 1894
Georgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986) is known as ‘the mother
of American modernism’. She was a highly influential artist, known for her
paintings of flowers, along with landscapes of New York and New Mexico.
She studied at the School of Art Institute of
Chicago, where she was top of her class. Her paintings and charcoal drawings helped
establish the American modernist movement at the beginning of the twentieth
century. In 1946 she became the first female artist to have a retrospective at
the Museum of Modern Art.
Mary Moser (1744-1819) was
an English painter known for her portraits and floral paintings. She was one of
the two female founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768.
painting at an early age and won her first Society of Arts medal when she was
14. After her death, the next female member elected to the Royal Academy was Laura
Knight in 1936, more than a century later.
Rubinstein (1883-1960) was a Russian dancer, and an important figure of the Belle
Époque. She was highly influential in the art and eventually formed her own
She debuted in 1908, and was part of the Ballets Russes for a few years.
She formed her own company in 1911 and used her wealth to become a patron of
the arts. In 1934, she was awarded the Légion d’honneur by the French government,
followed by the Grand Cross of the Légion – its highest honour – in 1939.
Elizabeth Blackadder (1931-present, British) – The Great Cat:
Blackadder (b. 1931) is a Scottish painter whose favourite subjects are nature,
flowers and cats. She is the first woman elected to the Royal Scottish Academy
as well as to the Royal Academy.
She studied and then taught at the Edinburgh College of Art. Her work is
exhibited at the Tate Gallery and Museum of Modern Art in New York, among