Fleming (1857-1911) was a Scottish astronomer. She
catalogued thousand of stars and other phenomena throughout her career, and
discovered the Horsehead Nebula in 1888.
She started out as the maid of Edward Charles
Pickering, the director of the Harvard College Observatory; soon, he recognised
her talent and intelligence, and hired her to do administrative work. She
eventually founded and coordinated the Harvard Computers, an all-female group
of human computers working for the observatory. She discovered the first white
dwarf star, over 300 variable stars and 10 novae, among others.
Ferrín Moreiras (1914-2009) was a Spanish mathematician and astronomer. She was the first female
astronomer from her native region of Galicia.
She studied Physics and Chemistry in Santiago de
Compostela, and later started working in the Astronomical Observatory in the
city. She obtained her doctorate in Madrid in 1963, when she became the first
woman in Spain to defend a thesis in the field of astronomy.
Weaver (b. 1964) is an astrophysics professor and astronomer.
She is an expert in x-ray astronomy and has worked for NASA’s Goddard Space
She obtained her PhD in astronomy in 1993
from the University of Maryland. After that, she was a research scientist at
Penn State and John Hopkins University. Her honours include the Presidential
Early Career Award and the NASA Peer Award.
Helen Dodson Prince (1905-2002) was an astronomer working for a number of prestigious institutions such as Wellesley College or MIT’s Radiation laboratory. Her pioneering research focused on solar flares.
She obtained her PhD in astronomy from the University of Michigan in 1934, where she later became a professor. She also served as the associate director of the McMath-Hulbert Observatory. In 1954 she received the Annie Jump Cannon Award in Astronomy for her contributions to the study of solar flares.
(1851-1930) was an astronomer and mathematician. She held radical views
for her time, questioning religion and advocating women’s rights, which made
her a controversial character.
She became the head of the mathematics department at Wellesley College in
1888. In 1891, she was chosen as one of the first female members of the New
York Mathematical Society.
Ahnert-Rohlfs (1912-1954) was a German astronomer who made significant contributions to
the study of variable stars.
She studied at the University of Gottingen,
and later became an assistant astronomer at the Sonneberg Observatory. She received
a doctorate in astrophysics in 1951.
Margherita Hack (1922-2013) was an Italian astrophysicist. She was an international expert in the field, and member of numerous prestigios associations, including NASA and the European Space Agency.
In 1964 she became the first female administrator of the Trieste Astronomical Observatory. In 1985 she became the Director of the Astronomy Department at the University of Trieste. The asteroid 8558 Hack, discovered in 1995, is named after her.
Adelaide Ames (1900-1932) was an early female astronomer. She was the first woman to obtain an MA in Astronomy from Radcliffe College.
After graduating, she worked for the Harvard College Observatory as a research assistant. She made important contributions to the study of galaxies, published in what is known as the Shapley-Ames catalog.
Antonia Maury (1866-1952) was an American astronomer. She is best known for publishing an early catalog of stellar spectra.
She graduated from Vassar College in 1887 with honors in physics, astronomy, and philosophy. She then went on to work for the Harvard College Observatory as a human computer. She was awarded the Annie Jump Cannon Award in Astronomy in 1943.
Margaret Lindsay Huggins (1848-1915) was an
Irish astronomer and a pioneer in the field of spectroscopy: the study of the
interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation. She was the co-author
of the Atlas of Representative Stellar
Spectra, published in 1899.
She was taught the
constellations as a child by her grandfather, which sparked her interest in
astronomy. She started studying the stars by herself and constructed a
spectroscope on her own. She later contributed to the Encyclopaedia Britannica.