North (1830-1890) was
a biologist and botanical artist, working in Victorian England. The North
Gallery in Kew Gardens, London, is named after her, and is the only permanent
solo exhibition by a female artist in Britain.
She travelled extensively
and captured botanical subjects from all over the world in her paintings. These
works were praised for their scientific accuracy and their ‘purity and
brilliancy of colour’. The gallery that bears her name opened in 1882 and can
still be visited today.
Tomoko Ohta (b. 1933) is a Japanses scientist,
working in the field of evolutionary biology genetics. She is known as a pioneer
of genetic polymorphism, and the proponent of the nearly neutral theory of
She studied agriculture in Tokyo, after which she moved to
the United States and obtained her PhD from North Carolina State University in
1966. She worked for the Japanese National Institute of Genetics and was later
accepted into the United States National Academy of Sciences as a foreign
associate in evolutionary biology.
Lydia Villa-Komaroff (b. 1947) is a Mexican-American molecular biologist. She is a founding member of SACNAS, The Society
for the Advancement of Chicanos/Hispanics and Native Americans in Science.
She completed her PhD in cell biology at MIT in 1975, and later was part
of the team that discovered how bacteria could generate insulin. In 1996 she
started working for Northwestern Unviersity and became its Vice President for
Patricia Lindop (1930-2018) was a professor of radiation biology at the University
of London. She was the organiser of at least 100 meetings where scientist
discussed their nuclear disarmament campaign.
She studied medicine at St Bartholomew’s
Hospital Medical College as one of the first ever female students allowed. For
a period, she worked as a general practitioner, before starting to conduct
research on the effects of radiation on the body and publishing more than 40
papers on the subject. She was an important member and organiser of the Pugwash
movement, which brought together scientists who opposed nuclear weapons.
Anne Ormerod (1828-1901) was an English entomologist, considered a pioneer in the
field of studying insects. She was the first to define the field of
She had an avid interest in insects from childhood, and contributed a
great number of insect specimens to the Royal Horicultural Society collections.
She was later appointed consulting entomologist for the Royal Agricultural
Society and lecturer at the Royal Agricultural College. In 1878 she became the
first female fellow of the Meteorological Society.
Galeano Garcés (1958-2016) was a Colombian
agronomist and botanist, specialising in palm trees. She served as the
President of the Institute of Natural Sciences for three years.
She published more than 17 books and 68
scientific papers on the ecology of Colombian plants, and won the Fundación Alejandro Angel Escobar science
prize for her Field Guide to American Palms.
She discovered numerous new plants and wrote the taxonomic description of
58 species – a species of palm, Geonoma
galeanoae, bears her name.
Ruth Gates (1962-2018) was a biologist whose research was
dedicated to reef coral systems. She was the Director of the Hawai’i Institute
of Marine Biology.
at Newcastle University, after which she was a postdoctoral researcher at the
University of California, Los Angeles. She studied coral reefs and their
ability to acclimatize under different conditions brought about by climate
change. She was the first female president of the International Society for Reef
Dawkins (b. 1945)
is a British biologist and academic. Her research focuses on a wide range of areas,
such as animal consciousness and welfare or behavioural synchrony.
She obtained her PhD from the University of
Oxford and became a lecturer in zoology, later Professor in Animal Behaviour.
Her research argues that animals should be treated as sentient beings and
should be raised in humane conditions, with regards to their needs. She was the
recipient of numerous awards and was made a Commander of the Order of the
was an Italian scientist. She was a pioneer of microbiology applied to conservation
She obtained her PhD
from the Institut Pasteur in Paris, France, and went on to work in the
laboratory of Microbiology at ICR Rome. Her work was instrumental in uncovering
the microbial types responsible for alterations of archaeological and
architectural monuments. This helped ensure the proper restoration and
conversation of numerous historical sites throughout Rome and the world.
(b. 1975) is a
biologist and geneticist from Iran. She has had a fruitful scientific career
which includes developing a bioinformatics statistical method and an algorithm
to identify the effect of genetics on the evolution of disease.
She studied at MIT,
Oxford and Harvard, and later became a postdoctoral fellow at the Broad
Institute. She won numerous awards for her research, such as the Packard
Foundation award in Science and Engineering or the American Ingenuity Award
from Smithsonian magazine.