Erna Hoover (b.
1926) is considered a pioneer of computer technology and telecommunication. Her
most notable achievement is inventing a computerized telephone switching method
which prevented system overload during peak calling times in telephone exchanges.
She studied at Wellesley College, and in 1951 she
obtained a PhD in philosophy and foundations of mathematics from Yale. She
later worked as a professor at Swarthmore College and a senior technical
associate at Bell Labs. Her invention revolutionised modern communication by
facilitating a more robust service for call centers, and she was awarded one of
the earliest software patents for it.
Albers (b. 1965) is a German professor and computer
scientist. She is known for her research in the design and analysis of algorithms.
She studied at several universities in
Germany and the United States, and has been a chair for efficient algorithms at
the Technical University of Munich since 2013. She has received the prestigious
Otto Hahn Medal and the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize for her work.
was one of the six female programmers who worked on the ENIAC, the first
general-purpose electronic digital computer. She first worked as one of many women
‘computors’, hired during World War II because of the shortage of men.
She worked for the Moore
School of Engineering, and later for the National Bureau of Standards and the
Navy’s Applied Math Lab. Her awards include the Augusta Ada Lovelace Award and
the IEEE Computer Pioneer Award.
1962) is a computer scientist whose research focuses on runtime systems,
compilers and computer architecture. She worked for Microsoft as Principal
Researcher and is currently a Senior Research Scientist for Google.
She studied computer science and engineering
at Rice University, and later taught at other institutions such as the
University of Massachusetts Amherst and the University of Texas at Austin. She
has won numerous awards for her work from the Association for Computing Machinery,
such as the Distinguished Scientist and the Test of Time Award.
Davis Griffeth (b. 1945) is a computer scientist
and academic. She is best known for her work on the feature interaction problem
and computational biology.
She studied at Harvard and Michigan State
University, ultimately receiving her PhD from the University of Chicago. In
1995 she received the Top 100 Women in
Computing Award. She also directed workshops where undergraduate students
were taught to use computational biology methods in order to research projects
such as atrial fibrillation and pancreatic cancer.
Feinler (b. 1931) served as the director of the Network Information Systems
Center at the Stanford Research Institute for almost 20 years. She was involved
with the ARPANET, the precursor of Internet.
Even though she was initially working towards a PhD in biochemistry, she
started working with information science. Her group was responsible for
developing and managing name registries of top-level domains such as .gov, .edu
or .com. Later, she contributed work for the NASA Ames Research Center.
Henriette Avram (1919-2006)
was a systems analyst and computer programmer. She was responsible for
developing the MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging) format, which allowed for
many library functions to become automatized.
After studying mathematics at George Washington University,
she became one of the first ever computer programmers. The MARC Project revolutionised
both librarianship and information science, replacing traditional paper
catalogues with digital ones, and paving the way for many other improvements.
Daphne Koller (b.
1968) is a Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University, and one of the
founders of the online educational platform Coursera. Her research focuses on
artificial intelligence and its applications in biomedical science.
She was the recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship in 2004, and
in 2011 became a member of the National Academy of Engineering. She served as
President and CEO of Coursera, making important contributions to the
accessibility of online education.
Meredith Patterson (b. 1977) is a
technologist, science fiction writer, and software developer, a leading figure
in the biopunk movement in the United States. She holds a Master’s degree in
Linguistics and a Phd in Computer Science, and has combined the two specialities
in working with computational linguistics and computer security.
When she was 22, she
worked as a NASA correspondent for a Mars simulation mission above the Arctic
circle. She has contributed to multiple open-source database software projects.