Cabot Agassiz (1822-1907)
was a pioneer of female education and academic endeavours. Among other
accomplishments, she was the co-founder and first president of Radcliffe
In 1869 she became one of the first female
members of the American Philosophical Society. From 1879 onwards, the so-called
“Harvard Annex” for female education grew under her care to become Radcliffe College
and offer women the same academic possibilities as men.
Betty Campbell (1934-2017) was the first black head teacher in
Wales. She held this position at the Mount Stuart Primary School in Cardiff.
Born in a
low-income, working-class family, she nevertheless won a scholarship at the Lady
Margaret High School for Girls, which paved her way towards a teaching career.
She was a member of the Commission for Racial Equality and was awarded an MBE
for her services to education.
Collins (1936-2015) was an educator who, in 1975, founded the Westside Preparatory
School in an impoverished area of Chicago. By doing this, she offered black
children from low-income families the possibility to receive a proper education.
Her school became an instant success, and operated for more than 30 years
under her and her daughter’s leadership, until 2008. She was asked by two
Presidents to be Secretary of Education, but refused each time in favour of focusing
on the individual needs of her students. She was awarded a National Humanities
Medal in 2004.
Isabelle Gati de Gamond (1839-1905) was a
Belgian feminist and educationalist. She was a champion of female education in
In 1862, she launched a journal
called L’Education de la Femme (Women’s Education), promoting schooling
for girls. Even though her cause was violently opposed by the conservative
press, she persevered and launched the first secondary school courses for girls
in 1864, the first secular education opportunity for women in Belgium.