Mona Seif (b. 1986, pictured with her mother Laila, also an activist) is a human rights
activist from Egypt. She is most famous for her involvement in the 2011
Egyptian Revolution and her creative use of social media in support of the
She attended numerous
protests against the Mubarak regime and encouraged participation through social
media. After the downfall of the regime, she founded a group that aims to stop
military trials for civilians in the country. She also studied biology and
researched the BRCA1 breast cancer gene.
Nabawiyya Musa (1886-1951)
is one of the leading Egyptian feminists of the 20th century. She
was a dedicated advocate for female education and sexual empowerment in her
country, going against traditional norms.
In 1907, she was the first girl in Egypt to
finish high school. She went on to become a teacher and promoted equal
opportunities in education, eventually becoming a lecturer at the newly-founded
Egyptian University. Her advocacy also focused on ending sexual violence
against women and empowering them to be a part of the workforce and Egyptian
Lotfia Elnadi (b.
1907-2002) was the first woman not only in her native country of Egypt, but in
the whole Arab world and the continent of Africa, to earn a pilot’s license.
She achieved this in 1933.
flight lessons while keeping it a secret from her father, who expected her to
follow a traditional path in life of becoming a housewife. Instead, she made
international headlines for her achievement, and inspired generations of other
women to take up aviation.
Amelia Edwards (1831-1892) was an English author and Egyptologist. She is known for her many fictional works, as well as travelogues and studies of Egypt.
She had a prolific career as a writer, publishing numerous novels, two collections of poetry and one of short stories. She first travelled to Egypt in 1873, and the ensuing travelogue A Thousand Miles Up the Nile was an instant bestseller and a valuable source of information on the country’s culture. In 1882 she co-founded the Egypt Exploration Fund, still active as an NGO today.
Rawya Ateya (1926-1997) is an important figure in Egyptian politics and feminism. She was the first woman parliamentarian in the Arab world, elected in 1957.
She was an officer in the Liberation Army during the Suez War, and trained thousand of women in first aid and nursing. During her tenure in the National Assembly she focused on women’s rights, fighting to pass laws that would give more freedom to Egyptian women.
At least 235 people were killed and another 109 injured in an attack on a mosque in Egypt’s North Sinai region on Friday, Egyptian state-run Nile TV reported, making it one of the deadliest attacks ever carried out against civilians in the province.
After at least two explosions, gunmen who were waiting outside the mosque opened fire at worshipers as they fled Friday prayers, state-owned Ahram Online said.
The attack targeted Al Rawdah mosque, situated in the village of Al Rawdah between Bir Al-Abed and the city of Al-Arish.
// i feel sick to my stomach this is so horrifying
Suhayr al-Qalamawi (1911-1997) was a politician and writer from Egypt who shaped Arabic writing and culture through her writing and feminist activism. She was a women of many ‘firsts’, including being one of the first women to attend Cairo University and the first Egyptian woman to earn her Master of Arts Degree and PhD.
Her PhD research paper was how she started her mission to reach equality with men. Her aim was to make women use their intelligence to gain control over their life and choices and to use this to re-educate men in order to gain equality.
Huda Sha’arawi (1879-1947) was a
pioneering Egyptian feminist. She founded the Egyptian Feminist Union and
became its first president in 1923.
She started by organising
meetings and courses for Egyptian women, and in 1910 founded a school for girls
in Cairo, focused on teaching academic subjects as opposed to the homemaking
skills usually taught. In 1922, she stopped wearing the veil, and many women
followed her example in defiance.