Sandra Gilbert (b. 1936) is an important feminist literary
critic. Her 1979 work The Madwoman in the Attic, co-authored with Susan
Gubar, is considered a fundamental text of second-wave feminism.
She obtained a PhD in
Literature from Columbia University. She was the President of the Modern
Language Association and won numerous prizes and scholarships for her work,
such as the American Book Award and the Ivan Sandrof Lifetime Achievement Award
from the National Book Critics Circle.
Phillis Wheatley (1753-1784) was the first African-American
woman to publish a book of poetry. She achieved this in 1773 with her volume, Poems
on various Subjects, Religious and Moral.
She was born in West
Africa and sold into slavery in the United States at the age of seven. The
Wheatley family, that had bought her, taught her how to read and write, and she
wrote her first poem at the age of fourteen. Her work achieved great success
both in the US and overseas, and figures such as George Washington praised her writing.
C. Anderson (1886-1973)
was the founder and editor of The Little Review, an art and literary
magazine published between 1914 and 1929. The magazine was instrumental in
introducing numerous prominent writers of the 20th century, such as
Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot or James Joyce.
founding The Little Review, she was a pianist and a book critic. The
magazine published the serialised version of Ulysses, one of the most
important novels of the century. Along with her co-editor and lover, Jane Heap,
she was accused of obscenity for publishing sexually explicit poetry, and
issues of the magazine were confiscated and burned.
Kalbasi (b. 1972)
is an Iranian poet and activist. She has written extensively on themes of
feminism, human rights and social justice, and serves as the director of the
Poetry of Iranian Women Project.
to her literary endeavours, she has volunteered with disadvantaged refugee children
and has worked for the UNHCR and for the Centre for Refugees in Pakistan and in
Suzette Haden Elgin (1936-2015) was one of the most important figures in
the linguistics field of constructed languages, particularly in science
fiction. She was a writer herself and founded the Science Fiction Poetry
Association in 1978.
She earned a PhD in linguistics from the University of California, San
Diego, writing two dissertations: one on English and one on Navajo. Her science
fiction writing focused on feminist themes and featured an engineered language
called Láadan – a language that tested the theory that Western natural
languages are male-centered and do not properly express the views of women.