Benita Galeana (1903-1995) was a Mexican feminist activist. She was an active campaigner for social justice, women’s rights and
worker’s rights in twentieth-century Mexico.
She was a member of the Unified Socialist
Party of Mexico, and was part of the efforts to regulate the standard
eight-hour working day, and to offer social security to workers. She was also
active in the United Pro-Women’s Rights Front, and fought for female suffrage,
as well as for abortion and maternity leave rights.
Lydia Villa-Komaroff (b. 1947) is a Mexican-American molecular biologist. She is a founding member of SACNAS, The Society
for the Advancement of Chicanos/Hispanics and Native Americans in Science.
She completed her PhD in cell biology at MIT in 1975, and later was part
of the team that discovered how bacteria could generate insulin. In 1996 she
started working for Northwestern Unviersity and became its Vice President for
Wright de Kleinhans (1846-1896)
was an early Mexican feminist. Through her magazines, Violetas de Anahuac and
Mujeres de Anahuac, she promoted female education and the idea that men
and women were intellectually equal.
She was a journalist and a member of numerous
literary societies around Mexico, always advancing ideas of gender equality and
the possibility of distancing oneself from the feminine ideal of marriage and
motherhood. One of her greatest achievements is the book Mujeres notables mexicanas
(1910), which contains 116 biographies of important Mexican women, of which
29 were indigenous – an important recognition at the time.
8-year-old Mexican Girl Wins Nuclear Sciences Prize For Her Invention:
Congratulations Xochitl Guadalupe Cruz!!! Girl power!!! You’re already changing the world.
¡Felicidades! Ya estás cambiando el mundo.
Nuttall (1857-1933) was an archaeologist and anthropologist. Her specialty was
the pre-Aztec culture of Mexico and Mesoamerican cultures.
One of her greatest achievements is tracing the 14th-century
Mixtec Codex, now named the Codex Zouche-Nuttall, and publish it in 1902. She
wrote numerous books on the culture of Mesoamerica, and was Honorary
Professor of Archaeology at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico.
Susana López Charretón (b. 1957) is a
Mexican virologist. She won the 2012 L’Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science Award for her work
She obtained her PhD in basic biomedical
research from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and now works for its
Institute of Biotechnology. Her research was instrumental in identifying how
rotaviri cause the death of 600,000 children every year.
Rosario Castellanos (1925-1974) is considered one of the most important Mexican poets of the 20th century. She frequently incorporated feminist and cultural themes into her work.
After graduating with a degree in philosophy and literature, she began teaching at the National Autonomous University of Mexico and worked for the National Indigenous Institute. Through her poetry, she defended the rights of women and of the native people of Mexico.
Leona Vicario (1789-1842) was one of the most important figures of the Mexican independence movement. She was a prominent member of Los Guadalupes, one of the earliest independence groups, and used her fortune to sponsor the rebellion.
She was one of the first female journalists in Mexico, and held strong feminist beliefs which she often expressed in writing. She is considered a national heroine in her native country.
Romana Acuesta Bañuelos (1925-2018) was the first Hispanic treasurer of the United States. She served in this position from 1971 to 1974.
Even though she was born in the USA, she was deported to Mexico at a young age, and made a living at first as a dishwasher and tortilla maker. Eventually, she started her own tortilla business, Ramona’s Mexican Food Products, which grew to a multi-million-dollar corporation. She was a co-founder of the Pan-American National Bank, aiming to help struggling Latinos in Los Angeles.
Nyong’o (b. 1983) is today one of the most important names in Hollywood. She has
won numerous awards in recognition of her talent.
In 2013, she received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for
her roles in the film 12 Years a Slave.
On this occasion she became the first Kenyan and first Mexican actress to win an
Oscar. She is involved with organisations such as Mother Health International,
WildAid, and the National Trust for Historic Preservation.