Faye Glenn Abdellah (1919-2017) was the
first nurse officer to achieve the rank of two-star rear admiral in the U.S. She was also the first
woman to ever hold the position of Deputy Surgeon General of the United States
Public Health Service.
She obtained her PhD from Columbia University
and conducted pioneering research in nursing, changing the theory from a
disease-oriented to a patient-oriented approach. In 1989 she became the first
dean of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences.
Anna Mae Hays
the first woman to be promoted to a General Officer rank in the U.S. Armed
Forces. Throughout her career, she strove to fight occupational sexism and
promote the integration of women into the military.
She joined the Army Nurse Corps during World
War II and served in India for more than two years. She was appointed Chief of
the Nurse Corps in 1967, a position which she held until her retirement in 1971.
Her recommendations, which were accepted into military policy, included stopping
the practice of discharging officers for being pregnant and allowing male
spouses of service members to claim the same privileges as female ones.
Linda Richards (1841-1930) was an
American nurse, and the first trained professional in her field. She was a
pioneer of modern nursing not only in the United States, but also in Japan.
She was part of the first ever
training school for American nurses, established in Boston in 1872. While
working at the Bellevue Hospital in New York, she created a system for keeping
individual records of patients, later adopted widely throughout the USA and UK.
She established the first training programme for nurses in Japan in 1885.
Gillian Oliver (b.
1943) is an expert in cancer nursing and palliative care. Throughout her career
as a cancer nurse, she developed a number of vital services, policies and
strategies implemented in her home country of UK and beyond.
began training at Middlesex Hospital, and has served as UK Director of Service
Development for Macmillan Cancer Relief. She is a Fellow of the Royal College
of Nursing, and has been made a Dame of the British Empire for her services.