(1916-2006) was an American-Canadian author, journalist and activist. She
was particularly influential in urban studies, and her 1961 book The Death and Life of Great American Cities argued
that urban renewal did not respect the needs of the citizens.
She fought to prevent so-called ‘slum clearances’ in Greenwich Village,
New York, where entire blocks would have been demolished and replaced with high
rises. Her influence is proven by her introduction of sociological concepts
such as “social capital” and “eyes on the street” in urban studies. A medal in
her name was established in 2007 for individuals who bring significant
contributions to urban design.
Ada Louise Huxtable (1921-2013) was the
recipient of the first ever Pulitzer Prize for Criticism, awarded to her in
1970. She was an architecture critic who had a significant contribution in
bringing the art into the public dialogue.
She worked for the MoMA as Curatorial Assistant
for Architecture and Design, and was later the first architecture critic at The New York Times. She wrote numerous
books in the field and was one of the main driving forces behind the New York
City Landmarks Preservation Commission, founded in 1965.
was one of the most important sculptors working in New York City. She was the
author of the first public monument in the city created by a woman.
She had a thriving career and was mostly
known for her animal sculptures, which are now on display in many places across
the United States, including for example Columbia University, Central Park and
the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Her statue of Joan of Arc was the first
monument in New York dedicated to a woman in history.