Category: science

Katherine Johnson, Nasa mathematician portrayed in Hidden Figures, dies at 101: undefined

Tam O’Shaughnessy (b. 1952) is a children’s science writer and former professional tennis
player. Along with her partner Sally Ride, the first American woman in space, she co-founded
the Sally Ride Science company, a non-profit for STEM education.

She
had a PhD in school psychology, and worked as a professor for a number of
higher education institutions in the United States. She retired early to focus
her efforts on Sally Ride Science and promote STEM education for young people,
particularly girls.

Amy Barger (b. 1971) is an astronomer whose research
focuses on black holes, quasars and other very distant objects. She is a
professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

She obtained her PhD
from King’s College, University of Cambridge, in 1997, and started researching
the formation and morphology of distant galaxies. She has won numerous prizes
in recognition of her work, such as the Annie J. Cannon Award or the Pierce
Prize of the American Astronomical Society.

Ingeborg Hochmair (b. 1953) is an electrical engineer from Austria.
She helped create the first micro-electronic multi-channel cochlear implant in
1977.

She was the first
woman to obtain a PhD with distinction in electrical engineering from the Technical
University of Vienna. She co-founded the medical device company MED-EL in the
eighties, and so helped create the modern hearing aid.

Angela Belcher (b. 1968) is a biological engineer and professor
at MIT. She is also the director of the Biomaterials Molecular Group at the
same institution.

She received her Phd in
Chemistry from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1997. Her research
includes the creation of a bacteriophage virus and using genetically modified
viruses to build lithium-ion batteries.

Susan B. Horwitz (1955-2014) was a notable computer scientist. She is best known for her research
in programming languages and software engineering.

She got
her PhD in Computer Science from Cornell University in 1985. She later became a
professor at the University of Wisconsin and published numerous paper in the
emerging field of computer science.

Johanna Westerdijk (1883-1961) was a plant pathologist from the Netherlands. She was the
first female professor in the country.

She
studied in Amsterdam, Munich and Zurich, obtaining her PhD in 1906. The same
year she became the director of a phytopathological laboratory in Baarn, and was later in charge of the
International Association of Botanists. She served as the president of the
International Federation of University Women.

Mileva Marić (1875-1948) was a Serbian mathematician and physicist. She was the only
woman in the same class as Albert Einstein at the Zurich Polytechnic, and
became his wife in 1903.

She studied mathematics, physics and astronomy in Zurich, and was only
the second woman to finish the full programme in that department. Some evidence
suggests that she contributed to Einstein’s early work, especially the Annus
Mirabilis Papers.

Julia Slingo (b. 1950) is a climate scientist
who has been the Chief Scientist of the Met Office in the United Kingdom since 2009.
Other positions she has held include Professor of Meteorology at the University
of Reading, and Director of Climate Research in the Natural Environment
Research Council.

Her research focused
on the causes and effects of climate change, and linked the reduction in Arctic
sea ice to the colder and drier winter weather faced by the UK. In 2008, she
became the first female president of the Royal Meteorological Society.

Janet Norwood (1923-2015) was the first female Commissioner
of the US Bureau of Labour Statistics. She served in this position during the
Carter and Reagan administrations.

She earned a doctorate
in Law and Diplomacy from Tufts University, and went on to teach political
science at Wellesley College. She was also the Chair of the Advisory Council on
Unemployment Compensation.