Category: science

Marilyn Strathern (b. 1941) is a British anthr…

Marilyn
Strathern
(b.
1941) is a British anthropologist and professor at the University of Cambridge.
Her research focused on the Mount Hagen people of Papua New Guinea, as well as
on reproductive technologies in the UK.

She was an expert in feminist anthropology, and
published numerous works on gender norms and the status of women in the groups
she studied. She is a Fellow of the British Academy and has received several
honorary degrees from universities around the world.

Thelma Estrin (1924-2014) was a pioneer in the…

Thelma Estrin
(1924-2014) was a
pioneer in the fields of biomedical engineering and expert systems. She was one
of the first scientists to apply computer technology to medical research.

She studied electrical
engineering and obtained her PhD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in
1951. She then worked for the Neurological Institute of New York, and later for
the Brain Research Institute at UCLA, where she organised a Data Processing
Laboratory. She was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship and the IEEE Centennial
Medal, among other honours.

Marian Dawkins (b. 1945) is a British biologis…

Marian
Dawkins
(b. 1945)
is a British biologist and academic. Her research focuses on a wide range of areas,
such as animal consciousness and welfare or behavioural synchrony.

She obtained her PhD from the University of
Oxford and became a lecturer in zoology, later Professor in Animal Behaviour.
Her research argues that animals should be treated as sentient beings and
should be raised in humane conditions, with regards to their needs. She was the
recipient of numerous awards and was made a Commander of the Order of the
British Empire.

Clelia Giacobini (1931-2010) was an Italian sc…

Clelia
Giacobini
(1931-2010)
was an Italian scientist. She was a pioneer of microbiology applied to conservation
and restoration.

She obtained her PhD
from the Institut Pasteur in Paris, France, and went on to work in the
laboratory of Microbiology at ICR Rome. Her work was instrumental in uncovering
the microbial types responsible for alterations of archaeological and
architectural monuments. This helped ensure the proper restoration and
conversation of numerous historical sites throughout Rome and the world.

Kathryn S. McKinley (b. 1962) is a computer sc…

Kathryn S.
McKinley
(b.
1962) is a computer scientist whose research focuses on runtime systems,
compilers and computer architecture. She worked for Microsoft as Principal
Researcher and is currently a Senior Research Scientist for Google.

She studied computer science and engineering
at Rice University, and later taught at other institutions such as the
University of Massachusetts Amherst and the University of Texas at Austin. She
has won numerous awards for her work from the Association for Computing Machinery,
such as the Distinguished Scientist and the Test of Time Award.

Helen Dodson Prince (1905-2002) was an astrono…

Helen Dodson Prince (1905-2002) was an astronomer working for a number of prestigious institutions such as Wellesley College or MIT’s Radiation laboratory. Her pioneering research focused on solar flares.
She obtained her PhD in astronomy from the University of Michigan in 1934, where she later became a professor. She also served as the associate director of the McMath-Hulbert Observatory. In 1954 she received the Annie Jump Cannon Award in Astronomy for her contributions to the study of solar flares.

Mary Scranton (d.) (1918-2015) was the First L…

Mary Scranton
(d.) (1918-2015)
was the First Lady of Pennsylvania from 1963 to 1967, and was involved in
numerous social and scientific projects during that time and beyond. She was
also the first woman to serve on the board of trustees at both the University
of Scranton and the California Institute of Technology.

She served as a
nurses’ aide for the Red Cross during World War II and worked as a research
analyst for the Army Air Force’s Intelligence Service. She eventually took
charge of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and secured its funding during a
crucial time of spending cuts.

Pardis Sabeti (b. 1975) is a biologist and gen…

Pardis Sabeti
(b. 1975) is a
biologist and geneticist from Iran. She has had a fruitful scientific career
which includes developing a bioinformatics statistical method and an algorithm
to identify the effect of genetics on the evolution of disease.

She studied at MIT,
Oxford and Harvard, and later became a postdoctoral fellow at the Broad
Institute. She won numerous awards for her research, such as the Packard
Foundation award in Science and Engineering or the American Ingenuity Award
from Smithsonian magazine.

Caroline Hussey (1941-2017) was a microbiologi…

Caroline
Hussey
(1941-2017)
was a microbiologist and academic from Ireland. She was the first female Deputy
President and Registrar of University College Dublin.

She studied at University College and Trinity
College Dublin, earning a PhD in Microbiology. She became the chairwoman of the
National Council for Curriculum and Assessment in 1996, making her one of the
most influential persons in Irish education.

Ruth Patrick (1907-2013) was a scientist speci…

Ruth Patrick (1907-2013) was a scientist
specializing in freshwater ecology. Her most important research focused on
developing ways to measure the health of freshwater ecosystems.

She obtained her PhD from the University of
Virginia, and while there conducted revealing research on the geology of the
state. She was a volunteer curator of microscopy for the Academy of Natural
Science for eight years before she was paid for this work. Her research was
rewarded with numerous prizes, such as the National Medal of Science or the
Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences.