Mckay (1963-2014) was a Scottish feminist economist.
She is remembered for her research on gender inequality and the welfare state,
as well as for being a proponent for the concept of basic income.
She was an economics professor at Glasgow
Caledonian University, and later became Vice Dean of the Glasgow School for
Business and Society. She was a leading authority on gender budget analysis, a
founding member of the European Gender Budget Network and the chairperson of
the European chapter of the International Association for Feminist Economics.
Fleming (1857-1911) was a Scottish astronomer. She
catalogued thousand of stars and other phenomena throughout her career, and
discovered the Horsehead Nebula in 1888.
She started out as the maid of Edward Charles
Pickering, the director of the Harvard College Observatory; soon, he recognised
her talent and intelligence, and hired her to do administrative work. She
eventually founded and coordinated the Harvard Computers, an all-female group
of human computers working for the observatory. She discovered the first white
dwarf star, over 300 variable stars and 10 novae, among others.
Evelyn Irons (1900-2000) was a
Scottish journalist who acted as a war correspondent during World War II. She
was the first woman to be decorated with the French Croix de Guerre for this
She was initially hired with the beauty
page of the Daily Mail, but chose to
report on the war as soon as it broke out. Despite objections regarding the
presence of female reporters on the battlefield, she was one of the first
journalists to reach liberated Paris, and the first female journalist to reach
Hitler’s Eagle Nest. In 1935, she became the first woman to be awarded the
Stanhope Gold Medal by the Royal Humane Society.
Phoebe Anna Traquair (1852-1936) was an Irish artist who achieved prominence for her work during the Arts and Crafts movement in Scotland. Her work varied from large murals to embroidery.
One of her most celebrated works are the murals she created for the church now known as the Mansfield Traquair centre, which has been called ‘the Sistine Chapel of Edinburgh’. She was elected as the first female member of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1920.
Above: Self-portrait, 1911, and Salvation of Mankind, 1886-1893
Catherine Sinclair (1800-1864) was a Scottish writer, the author of several novels and children’s books. She also engaged in extensive charitable work in her hometown of Edinburgh.
Her first published work was Modern Accomplishments, or the March of Intellect, a study of female education, in 1836. She is credited with discovering that Sir Walter Scott was the author of the anonymous Waverley novels – her memorial in Edinburgh is loosely modeled after the famous Scott Monument.
Annie Lennox (b. 1954) is a Scottish singer, famous for her solo
work as well as part of the duo Eurythmics. She has won six Brit Awards, more
than any other artist, along with four Grammies, a Golden Globe and an Academy
She is also a dedicated activist, working with
organisations such as Greenpeace and Amnesty International. Her main cause is
HIV/AIDS awareness, for which she is a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.
Galloway (b. 1955) is a Scottish novelist and poet, best known for her 1989 work The Trick is to Keep Breathing.
She published three novels, including one based on the life of Clara
Schumann, four collections of short stories and a poetry anthology. She has won
numerous prizes, such as the E.M. Forster Award, the Creative Scotland Award
and Saltire Book of the Year.
Naomi Mitchison (1897-1999) was a Scottish author, one of the
most prominent writers in the nation. Throughout her career she wrote more than
90 books, from historical to science fiction. Her 1931 novel The Corn King and Spring Queen is seen
by many as the best historical novel of the 20th century.
In addition to her literary pursuits, she was a
devoted feminist and anti-fascist activist. She was particularly interested in
promoting birth control, and was daring for her sexually-explicit writing, some
of which was even banned at the time.
Stevenson (1839-1905) was an important contributor to the education of young girls,
especially from disadvantaged backgrounds, in Scotland. She was one of the
first women to be elected to a school board in the United Kingdom.
She was active in the movement to open university education to women, and
helped organize schools for poor children in Edinburgh. She was also
vice-president of the Women’s Free Trade Union.