Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (1875-1942) was a famous art collector and patron. She
founded the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City in 1931.
was an artist in her own right, starting a career as a sculptor in Paris. Her
first publicly presented work was Aspiration in 1901. Her work can now
be admired in public spaces around New York City, San Francisco and Washington,
D.C., among others.
(1923-2015) was a
Canadian painter, sculptor and printmaker. She was considered a leader of the
Pattern and Decoration movement and a pioneer of feminist art.
frequently paid homage to other female artists, such as Frida Kahlo and Mary
Cassatt, in her work. Along with Judy Chicago, she established the Feminist Art
Program at the California Institute of Arts. He works can be admired at the
Jewish Museum in New York or the Smithsonian American Art Museum, among others.
Anne Whitney (1821-1915) was a prominent American sculptor. Her works often featured
important historical figures, or depicted her liberal views on abolition or
women’s rights, among others.
Among the subjects of her sculptures were
Harriet Martineau, Lucy Stone and Harriet Beecher Stowe. Her works can now be
admired in places such as the United States Capitol, at Harvard, or around
Left: Anne Whitney with her partner, Abby
Right: Lady Godiva, 1864, Dallas
Museum of Art
was one of the most important sculptors working in New York City. She was the
author of the first public monument in the city created by a woman.
She had a thriving career and was mostly
known for her animal sculptures, which are now on display in many places across
the United States, including for example Columbia University, Central Park and
the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Her statue of Joan of Arc was the first
monument in New York dedicated to a woman in history.
Hepworth (1903-1975) was a British sculptor, a representative of Modernism. She
was one of leading artists of the St Ives colony during World War II.
She studied at the Royal College of Art, and then travelled
to Italy, where she was the runner-up for the Prix-de-Rome. Her works can be
seen today in numerous cities across the UK, as well as in countries such as
USA and New Zealand.
Niki de Saint Phalle (1930-2002) was a French sculptor and painter whose most famous and
elaborate work is The Garden of Tarot
in Tuscany, Italy, inspired by Antoni Gaudi’s Park Guell. The garden is a monumental sculpture park containing
twenty-two figures based on the esoteric tarot.
She also created a
series of plaster female figures which reflected on the roles that women were
often required to perform in society, an exhibition first showcased in Paris in
1965. Her work can nowadays be admired in many locations throughout the world,
including Germany, Sweden and the United States.