Helene Stöcker (1869-1943) was an early feminist
activist in her native Germany. She was also involved in pacifist and anti-war
She was one of the first German women to receive a doctorate. In 1909 she
founded the League for the Protection of Mothers, and later became an activist
for sexual freedom, legalisation of abortion and equality of illegitimate children.
Her organisation sponsored sexual health clinics where young women could obtain
contraception and advice.