Category: spain

Edurne Pasaban (b. 1973) is a Spanish mountaineer of Basque origin. In 2010 she
became the first woman to climb all the fourteen peaks over 8000 metres in the

She started climbing mountains when she was
only fourteen, and was soon climbing peaks in the Alps and Pyrenees. At 16, she
climbed Mont Blanc and other Alpine peaks over 4000 metres. Her first
eight-thousander was Mount Everest in 2001, and has been rewarded with several
national and international prizes.

Ferrín Moreiras
 (1914-2009) was a Spanish mathematician and astronomer. She was the first female
astronomer from her native region of Galicia.

She studied Physics and Chemistry in Santiago de
Compostela, and later started working in the Astronomical Observatory in the
city. She obtained her doctorate in Madrid in 1963, when she became the first
woman in Spain to defend a thesis in the field of astronomy.

Mercedes de
was an American poet and playwright of Spanish origin. Although unsuccessful in
her writing career, she is remembered for living as openly gay despite societal

She was involved with
a number of Broadway and Hollywood actresses, and never attempted to keep her
sexuality a secret. She was also a strong promoter of liberal causes and
women’s rights, and supported the Republican government during the Spanish
Civil War.

Rosalía de
is a significant figure in the Romantic Movement in her native Galicia. She
wrote in Galician in addition to Spanish, in a gesture of defiance against
stereotypes of the minority language.

She published numerous
volumes of poetry and is considered one of the most significant Spanish writers
of the nineteenth century. Her work focused heavily on Galician history,
society and language, fighting against the notion that it was a lesser tongue,
unfit for literature.

was one of the first female ministers in Europe, as the Minister of Health and
Social Policy in her native country of Spain. She was also an important
anarchist activist.

During her time as Minister of Health, she transformed
public health to focus on the working class and those without financial
possibilities. She implemented locally available, preventative health
programmes, and raised awareness of reproductive rights. She was part of an
anarchist trade union and wrote for journals such as Solidaridad Obrera or Tierra
y Libertad.

Catherine of
was the first wife of Henry VIII and Queen of England for a period of 24 years.
Although this is what she is mostly remembered for today, she was an important
figure of her time in political and cultural circles.

In 1507, she was the ambassador of the
Aragonese Crown to England, which made her the first female ambassador in
European history. She was a patron of Renaissance humanism and encouraged
female education. Thomas Cromwell affirmed about her that “If not for her sex, she could have defied
all the heroes of History.”

Carmen Balcells (1930-2015) was a
Spanish literary agent, seen as a main driving force behind the Latin American
literary boom during the 1960s. She discovered and represented six winners of
the Nobel Prize.

She founded her own literary agency
in 1956, and led it for almost 50 years. Having represented authors such as
Mario Vargas Llosa, Gabriel García Márquez or Isabel Allende, she is considered
one of the most influential people in the world of Spanish-language literature.

Clara Campoamor (1888-1972) was a Spanish politician and women’s
rights advocate. She had a lasting influence on the 1931 Constitution, assuring
the inclusion of language that guaranteed the equal rights of men and women.

She had a degree in Law, and advocated for changes
in legislation regarding child labour and women’s right to vote. She was elected
to the Constituent Assembly, at a time when women were still not allowed to
cast their vote. Nevertheless, she managed to bring about the passing of other
important laws, such as the equality of rights for children born out of wedlock,
or the right to divorce.

Dolores Ibárruri (1895-1989) was a heroine of
the Spanish Civil War. She is best remembered for coining the iconic slogan ¡No Pasarán! (“They shall not pass!”) during the battle of
Madrid in 1936.

She was a member
of the Communist Party, and the editor of its newspaper, Mundo Obrero. She founded Mujeres Antifascistas (Women Against Fascism)
in 1933. During the Civil War, she offered a number of speeches broadcasted on
radio to encourage Republican soldiers. After the Nationalist victory, she was
forced into exile, returning only 30 years later.

“Catalonia’s elected autonomous regional government, the Generalitat, had called the referendum after pro-independence parties were able to form an administration following elections in 2015.

The president of the province’s national assembly, Jordi Sànchez, on Wednesday morning called for “peaceful resistance” to the police operation.

“The time has come. We resist peacefully. We come out to defend our institutions with non-violence,” he said in a post on social media.

On Tuesday police searched for election material including ballot boxes, voting papers and campaign leaflets – raiding private courier companies in the process.

The Spanish national assembly on Wednesday rejected a motion to support the Spanish government’s heavy-handed response to the the referendum by 166 votes against to 158 in favor, after the centre-left opposition party PSOE teamed up with left-wingers Podemos and smaller separatist parties in the parliament.

After news of the raids broke on Wednesday, separatist political parties, as well as Podemos, cancelled all their planned political events for the rest of the day.

“It is unacceptable for there to be political prisoners in a European democracy. The Partido Popular leads us to an authoritarian regression that cannot be tolerated,” a spokesperson for Podemos said on social media.

Right-wing parties however endorsed the police operation. Ciudadanos leader Albert Rivera said he supported the raids because the Catalan government had “skipped the law and are trampling our rights”. A spokesperson for the ruling Partido Popular said that “the rule of law is stronger than those outside the law”.“

the independent referendum was lawful and non-violent… also, in case you needed anymore prove that police serves the state and not the people…