Maddison (1869-1950) was an English mathematician.
Her work focused on differential equations.
She studied at Cambridge and obtained a first-class
degree result in her Mathematical Tripos Exam, but was not awarded a degree on
account of her gender. She later got a resident mathematics fellowship at Bryn
Mawr College, where she received her PhD in 1896. A few years later, she became
associate professor and assistant to the president of the College. She put
together a thorough list of university courses open to women in Canada and the
(1791-1840) was an English diarist and traveller. She is best known for
her very detailed diaries, of which significant parts were written in code,
covering her lesbian relationships.
She is referred to as “the first modern lesbian” for her open homosexuality,
very uncommon for the time. She was nicknamed “Gentleman Jack” and often mocked
for her masculine appearance. In 2011, her diaries were
added to the register of the UNESCO Memory of the World Programme, not only for
their frank accounts of lesbianism, but also for providing valuable records of
social and political events of her time.
was a British physician. She is considered the major contributor to the field
of hepatology (the study of the liver) in the 20th century.
After being rejected
from several English universities on account of her sex, she eventually began studying
medicine at the University of Edinburgh in 1936. She became the first female
Professor of Medicine in the United Kingdom in 1959, working at the Royal Free
Hospital School in London. She served as the President of the British Society
of Gastroenterology and founded the British Liver Trust.
an English author and garden designer. She is known for her award-winning
poetry and novels, as well as for extended correspondence with Virginia Woolf,
with whom she had a well-documented love affair.
wrote a number of novels of great commercial success, as well as numerous volumes
of poetry. She was awarded the Hawthornden Prize for Imaginative Literature on
two occasions. The androgynous protagonist of Virginia Woolf’s popular novel Orlando was inspired by Sackville-West.
1989) is a former competitive swimmer from the United Kingdom. She won two gold
medals at the 2008 Summer Olympics, becoming the first Briton to achieve the
feat since 1908.
She has participated and won medals in other world
competitions such as the 2011 World Aquatic Championships and the 2012 London
Olympics. In 2008, she set a British, European, Olympic and Commonwealth record
in 800-metre freestyle.
Bennett (b. 1966)
is a British-Australian politician, the former leader of the Green Party of
England and Wales. Her political career was focused on the advancement of green
and feminist causes.
She joined the Green
Party in 2006 and founded its women’s group. She was elected as the leader of
the party in 2012, and again in 2014.
Dorothy Levitt (1882-1922) was a
trailblazer for women in motoring. She was the first British female racing
driver and set a number of world records, being called “the Fastest Girl on Earth” or “the Champion
Lady Motorist of the World” by the press of the day.
She first competed in a motor race in 1903, becoming the first English
woman to do so. She set records for water speed and land speed, as well as for
the longest drive by a woman when she drove from London to Liverpool and back
in 1905. She was also responsible for inventing the rearview mirror by
describing its use in her 1909 book The
Woman and the Car.
Lisa Appignanesi (b. 1946) is a
British-Canadian novelist. She has served as the President of English PEN and
is currently Chair of the Royal Society of Literature.
Among her works are Memory and Desire and Freud’s Women, studies of Freud’s ideas
in relation to women, as well as Mad, Bad
and Sad : A History of Women and the Mind Doctors. The latter won the
2009 Award for the Public Understanding of Science from the British Medical
Boyle (1865-1943) was a pioneer of women’s police
work in Great Britain. She campaigned for women to be allowed to serve as
constables, and established the first voluntary women’s police force in the
country in 1914.
She was a journalist and dedicated
suffragist, practicing investigative journalism for the official newspaper of
the Women’s Freedom League. In 1918, she became the first woman to stand for
election to the UK Parliament, paving the way for female MPs.