(1916-2006) was an American-Canadian author, journalist and activist. She
was particularly influential in urban studies, and her 1961 book The Death and Life of Great American Cities argued
that urban renewal did not respect the needs of the citizens.
She fought to prevent so-called ‘slum clearances’ in Greenwich Village,
New York, where entire blocks would have been demolished and replaced with high
rises. Her influence is proven by her introduction of sociological concepts
such as “social capital” and “eyes on the street” in urban studies. A medal in
her name was established in 2007 for individuals who bring significant
contributions to urban design.