Heidi Hartmann (b. 1945) is a feminist economist, an expert in public policy and
the way it affects women. She is the founder and president of the Institute for
Women’s Policy Research.
She obtained her PhD in economics from Yale
University in 1972, and later started teaching at the New School for Social
Research in New York. She was a senior research economist at the Office of
Research of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.
Edith Hamilton (1867-1963) is known as one of the most important classical scholars
of her era in the United States. She is renowned in the field for her essays
and books on ancient Greek and Roman civilisations.
She studied at Bryn Mawr College, and went on to
pursue higher education in Germany, becoming the first female student of the
University of Munich. She returned to become the head administrator of Bryn
Mawr in 1896, and its first headmistress in 1906. Even though she published her
first book, The Greek Way, at the age of sixty-two, all of her
publications are considered crucial classical texts.
Elizabeth Garrett (1963-2016) was the first female president of Cornell University.
She ascended to the role in 2015, but served for less than a year, tragically
dying of cancer while in office.
She studied law at the University of
Virginia, and later became a legal advisor for the Iran – US Claim Tribunal at
The Hague. She was a professor and deputy dean for academic affairs at the
University of Chicago and a visiting professor at numerous other institutions
around the world.
Mckay (1963-2014) was a Scottish feminist economist.
She is remembered for her research on gender inequality and the welfare state,
as well as for being a proponent for the concept of basic income.
She was an economics professor at Glasgow
Caledonian University, and later became Vice Dean of the Glasgow School for
Business and Society. She was a leading authority on gender budget analysis, a
founding member of the European Gender Budget Network and the chairperson of
the European chapter of the International Association for Feminist Economics.
Cramp (b. 1929) is a British archaeologist and academic. She was the first
female professor appointed at Durham University, where she taught for almost four
After completing her studies at Oxford, she
became a lecturer at Durham University in 1955 and was appointed Professor of
Archaeology in 1971. She also served as the President of the Council for
British Archaeology, Vice-President of the Royal Archaeological Institute and
President of the Society of Antiquaries of London.
was an American nurse, known for her public health advocacy and numerous
projects. She served as Dean of the Vanderbilt University School of Nursing for
almost 30 years.
She received her
doctorate from New York University and went on to work in various hospitals and
universities throughout the United States. Under her leadership at VUSN, the
university introduced an accelerated master’s programme and a PhD programme. She
was named a Living Legend by the American Academy of Nursing.
Scott (1921-2019) was an
American historian, specialised in the history of the South, with a focus on
women in history. She taught at Duke University, where she became the first
female chair of the history department.
Her best known book
is the 1970 The Southern Lady: From
Pedestal to Politics, now considered a classic and a stepping stone in the
field of Southern women’s history. She served as the president of the Organization
of American Historians and of the Southern Historical Association.
Maddison (1869-1950) was an English mathematician.
Her work focused on differential equations.
She studied at Cambridge and obtained a first-class
degree result in her Mathematical Tripos Exam, but was not awarded a degree on
account of her gender. She later got a resident mathematics fellowship at Bryn
Mawr College, where she received her PhD in 1896. A few years later, she became
associate professor and assistant to the president of the College. She put
together a thorough list of university courses open to women in Canada and the
Jacqueline de Romilly (1913-2010) was a French philosopher,
author and scholar. She was the first woman nominated to the Collège de France
and the second to be accepted into the Académie française.
She obtained her PhD from the University of
Paris, studying the culture and language of ancient Greece. In 2000, the Greek
government named her an Ambassador of Hellenism. Her research has brought her
numerous awards and recognitions, including the Grand Cross of the Legion of
Beale (1831-1906) was an important figure in female
education in the United Kingdom. She was the Principal of Cheltenham Ladies’ College,
as well as the founder of St Hilda’s College, Oxford.
She studied in Paris and London, after
which she started teaching maths at Queen’s College. She was elected Principal at
Cheltenham in 1858, chosen out of fifty candidates. She also served as
president of the Headmistresses’ Association and was devoted to a number of
causes, mainly regarding female education and the right to vote.