Cramp (b. 1929) is a British archaeologist and academic. She was the first
female professor appointed at Durham University, where she taught for almost four
After completing her studies at Oxford, she
became a lecturer at Durham University in 1955 and was appointed Professor of
Archaeology in 1971. She also served as the President of the Council for
British Archaeology, Vice-President of the Royal Archaeological Institute and
President of the Society of Antiquaries of London.
was an American nurse, known for her public health advocacy and numerous
projects. She served as Dean of the Vanderbilt University School of Nursing for
almost 30 years.
She received her
doctorate from New York University and went on to work in various hospitals and
universities throughout the United States. Under her leadership at VUSN, the
university introduced an accelerated master’s programme and a PhD programme. She
was named a Living Legend by the American Academy of Nursing.
Scott (1921-2019) was an
American historian, specialised in the history of the South, with a focus on
women in history. She taught at Duke University, where she became the first
female chair of the history department.
Her best known book
is the 1970 The Southern Lady: From
Pedestal to Politics, now considered a classic and a stepping stone in the
field of Southern women’s history. She served as the president of the Organization
of American Historians and of the Southern Historical Association.
Maddison (1869-1950) was an English mathematician.
Her work focused on differential equations.
She studied at Cambridge and obtained a first-class
degree result in her Mathematical Tripos Exam, but was not awarded a degree on
account of her gender. She later got a resident mathematics fellowship at Bryn
Mawr College, where she received her PhD in 1896. A few years later, she became
associate professor and assistant to the president of the College. She put
together a thorough list of university courses open to women in Canada and the
Jacqueline de Romilly (1913-2010) was a French philosopher,
author and scholar. She was the first woman nominated to the Collège de France
and the second to be accepted into the Académie française.
She obtained her PhD from the University of
Paris, studying the culture and language of ancient Greece. In 2000, the Greek
government named her an Ambassador of Hellenism. Her research has brought her
numerous awards and recognitions, including the Grand Cross of the Legion of
Beale (1831-1906) was an important figure in female
education in the United Kingdom. She was the Principal of Cheltenham Ladies’ College,
as well as the founder of St Hilda’s College, Oxford.
She studied in Paris and London, after
which she started teaching maths at Queen’s College. She was elected Principal at
Cheltenham in 1858, chosen out of fifty candidates. She also served as
president of the Headmistresses’ Association and was devoted to a number of
causes, mainly regarding female education and the right to vote.
was a journalist and historian active in the area of Buffalo, New York. She was
the first woman in the city to become a professional journalist and the first
American woman who lectured at Cambridge University.
She worked for the Buffalo Express and then for the Buffalo Courier, while also organising
history classes for women in her home. She ended up giving lectures at several
institutions around the US and beyond, including at Cornell and Cambridge. She
was the first American woman whose work was accepted by the British Association.
1941) is a British anthropologist and professor at the University of Cambridge.
Her research focused on the Mount Hagen people of Papua New Guinea, as well as
on reproductive technologies in the UK.
She was an expert in feminist anthropology, and
published numerous works on gender norms and the status of women in the groups
she studied. She is a Fellow of the British Academy and has received several
honorary degrees from universities around the world.
Dawkins (b. 1945)
is a British biologist and academic. Her research focuses on a wide range of areas,
such as animal consciousness and welfare or behavioural synchrony.
She obtained her PhD from the University of
Oxford and became a lecturer in zoology, later Professor in Animal Behaviour.
Her research argues that animals should be treated as sentient beings and
should be raised in humane conditions, with regards to their needs. She was the
recipient of numerous awards and was made a Commander of the Order of the
Lisa Appignanesi (b. 1946) is a
British-Canadian novelist. She has served as the President of English PEN and
is currently Chair of the Royal Society of Literature.
Among her works are Memory and Desire and Freud’s Women, studies of Freud’s ideas
in relation to women, as well as Mad, Bad
and Sad : A History of Women and the Mind Doctors. The latter won the
2009 Award for the Public Understanding of Science from the British Medical