Heidi Hartmann (b. 1945) is a feminist economist, an expert in public policy and
the way it affects women. She is the founder and president of the Institute for
Women’s Policy Research.
She obtained her PhD in economics from Yale
University in 1972, and later started teaching at the New School for Social
Research in New York. She was a senior research economist at the Office of
Research of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.
Mckay (1963-2014) was a Scottish feminist economist.
She is remembered for her research on gender inequality and the welfare state,
as well as for being a proponent for the concept of basic income.
She was an economics professor at Glasgow
Caledonian University, and later became Vice Dean of the Glasgow School for
Business and Society. She was a leading authority on gender budget analysis, a
founding member of the European Gender Budget Network and the chairperson of
the European chapter of the International Association for Feminist Economics.
Jacobson Schwartz (1915-2012) was an economist, considered one of the
world’s greatest scholars in the field. She is best known as a co-author of the
work A Monetary History of the United
States, seen as one of the most influential books of the 20th
She served as the president of the Western Economic Association
International, as well as the International Atlantic Economic Society. She
wrote 9 books and published over 100 research articles throughout her career.
Ester Boserup (1910-1999) was a Danish
economist, specializing in agricultural development. She was highly influential
in the discussion on the role of women in the workforce and human development,
as well as better professional and educational opportunities.
She started work for
the Danish government, but soon began a collaboration with the United Nations,
and developed several important theories on the relation between agriculture
and population. She wrote the 1970 book Woman’s
Role in Economic Development, highlighting the vital contribution of women
in the global economy.