So-yeon (b. 1978) is a Korean astronaut and
biotechnologist. She is the first person from her country to fly in space.
She obtained her doctorate in biotech
systems in 2008, and went on to become an Engineering Physics Professor at
Everett Community College. Her pioneering space mission took place in the same
year; she conducted eighteen different science experiments on her flight. She
also worked for the Korean Aerospace Research Institute.
Auñón-Chancellor (b. 1976)
is a NASA astronaut and engineer. She was a flight engineer on the
International Space Station for Expedition 56/57.
She started her
career at NASA as a flight surgeon, supporting medical operations for ISS
astronauts. She also has experience as an aquanaut. Her work and research have
been recognized with honours such as the William K. Douglas Award and the US
Air Force Flight Surgeons Julian Ward Award.
Aprille Ericsson-Jackson (b. 1963) is an aerospace engineer working for
the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. She was the first African-American woman
to obtain a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from Howard University, as well as a
PhD in Engineering from NASA GSFC.
She was an undergraduate in aeronautical engineering
at MIT, where she worked in the Applied Physics Laboratory. Her work at NASA helps
to manage spacecraft orientation during missions.
Bonnie Dunbar (b. 1949) is a retired
NASA astronaut and a current professor of aerospace engineering at Texas A&M University. She is also the
Director of the Institute for Engineering Education and Innovation.
She became an astronaut in 1981 and logged
more than 1200 hours in space. She later served as the president and CEO of the
Museum of Flight, and was the head of the STEM Center at the University of Houston.
(1924-2014) was a
pioneer in the fields of biomedical engineering and expert systems. She was one
of the first scientists to apply computer technology to medical research.
She studied electrical
engineering and obtained her PhD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in
1951. She then worked for the Neurological Institute of New York, and later for
the Brain Research Institute at UCLA, where she organised a Data Processing
Laboratory. She was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship and the IEEE Centennial
Medal, among other honours.
Susan Helms (b. 1958) is a former NASA astronaut and
lieutenant general in the US Air Force. She was a crew member on five Space
Shuttle Missions and spent five months on the ISS.
After graduating from the Air Force Academy, she
worked as an engineer for the Armament Laboratory. She holds the record for the
longest spacewalk, with 8 hours and 56 minutes.
Dora Dougherty Strother (1921-2013) is an important figure in the
history of American aviation. She was a B-29 Superfortress demonstration pilot,
a helicopter test pilot, and a member of the WASP division during WWII.
In addition to being
only the sixth woman to gain an airline transport pilot license in the US, she
was also a flight instructor at the University of Illinois. With a PhD in
Aviation Education, she worked for Bell Aircraft as an engineer, designing helicopter
cockpits. She received numerous accolades in recognition of her work, including
the Amelia Earhart Award.
Epps (b. 1970) is a NASA astronaut and aerospace engineer. She served as an
aquanaut on the Aquarius underwater laboratory in 2014.
She obtained her PhD in aerospace engineering from the University of
Maryland, and qualified as an astronaut in 2011. Next year, she is set to spend
up to six months on the International Space Station, on which occasion she will
become the first African American crew member.
was one of the first women to hold an engineering degree in the United States.
She was also a dedicated activist for women’s suffrage, as her grandmother,
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, had been.
graduated from Cornell University with a degree in civil engineering in 1905,
after which she was accepted in the American Society of Civil Engineers as its
first female member – but only as a junior member, with no possibility to
advance, on account of her gender. She was awarded Fellow status posthumously in