was the first woman who earned a commercial pilot’s license in South America.
She achieved this in 1937 in her native Argentina.
Her achievements include piloting an amphibious
aircraft on a 4000-mile journey, from Panama to Argentina, in 1940, and flying
to Uruguay with two other female aviators in 1943, officially representing
Argentina. She was also a strong proponent of women’s rights and fought for the
recognition of female aviators.
Vaught (b. 1930) achieved a number of firsts in US
military history. She was the first woman to reach the rank of brigadier
general in the comptroller field, as well as the first woman to deploy with a
Strategic Air Command operational unit.
She served in Spain and Vietnam in addition
to her native US. She served as the leader of the Women in the Military Service
to America Memorial Foundation, which fought to gain recognition for the role
of women in American military history and led to the creation of a memorial in
the Arlington National Cemetery.
was one of the most important sculptors working in New York City. She was the
author of the first public monument in the city created by a woman.
She had a thriving career and was mostly
known for her animal sculptures, which are now on display in many places across
the United States, including for example Columbia University, Central Park and
the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Her statue of Joan of Arc was the first
monument in New York dedicated to a woman in history.
played a crucial role in the founding of Scouting and Girl Guides in the United
Kingdom. She was the first Chief Guide for Britain.
She became involved in
Scouting and Girl guiding after marrying Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of
the movement. Olave took on the role of Chief Commissioner and encouraged
numerous girls and women across the nation to participate. She received
numerous awards in recognition of her volunteering efforts, not only from the
British government but from other countries, such as Peru or Japan.
is considered a national heroine in her native country of Belgium. She was a
spy for the British Secret Service during WWI, and was executed for it.
At the beginning of
the war, she worked as a volunteer to the Belgian Red Cross. She was later
recruited by the British and provided them with information about the movements
of enemy troops, as well as delivering the resistance newspaper La Libre Belgique. She was captured and
executed by a German firing squad at the age of 23, after refusing to testify
against other agents in exchange for amnesty. Her statue in Brussels is the
first statue in the country in honour of a working-class woman.
was a journalist and novelist, as well as an activist for women’s rights,
Native American rights, and abolitionism. She fought against white supremacy
and patriarchal society her entire life.
She believed that women’s rights were closely
tied with African American rights, as both groups were oppressed and no real
progress could be achieved unless both issues were dealt with. Her writings in
support of the abolitionist movement included the book An Appeal in the Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans and
the publication National Anti-Slavery
Standard. Her fictional book Hobomok,
which portrayed a relationship between a Native American and a white woman, was
scandalous at the time of its publication.
Chapman Catt (1859-1947)
is one of the most prominent figures in the fight for women’s voting rights in
the United States. She was one of the leaders of the campaign that finally saw
voting rights extended to women in 1920.
She studied Science at Iowa State University,
graduating as the valedictorian and the only woman in her class. She later
became the first female reporter in San Francisco. In her native Iowa, she was
highly active in the Woman Suffrage Association and helped form the
International Woman Suffrage Alliance.
Livermore (1820-1905) was an early feminist and
abolitionist. She was an important figure in the American Civil War, performing
all sorts of humanitarian duties.
She began a career as a teacher and soon
became involved with the abolitionist cause after witnessing the cruel and
inhumane conditions on a plantation. During the war, she worked for the United
States Sanitary Commission and organised multiple aid societies, inspected army
posts and hospitals and raised large sums of money for food and supplies. She
was the first president of the Association for Advancement of Women.
was the first wife of Henry VIII and Queen of England for a period of 24 years.
Although this is what she is mostly remembered for today, she was an important
figure of her time in political and cultural circles.
In 1507, she was the ambassador of the
Aragonese Crown to England, which made her the first female ambassador in
European history. She was a patron of Renaissance humanism and encouraged
female education. Thomas Cromwell affirmed about her that “If not for her sex, she could have defied
all the heroes of History.”
Ana Betancourt (1832-1901) is
considered a national heroine in Cuba. She played an important role in the
country’s independence war against Spain.
She supported not only Cuban independence, but
female empancipation in the country, linking the cause to the abolition of slavery
and anti-colonialism. While she was living with other revolutionaries in the
forest, she was captured and exiled to Spain; even so, she continued to support
the cause from overseas. A state award has been established in her name in Cuba.