Category: women in politics

Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919) is an important fig…

Rosa
Luxemburg
(1871-1919)
is an important figure in the fields of economics and revolutionary socialism.
She was active in left-wing politics and pacifist activism in Germany.

She became a Doctor of Law after attending
the University of Zurich. She was imprisoned for organising anti-war protests
and strikes, and writing articles and books in support of socialist causes. She
was eventually captured and executed in Berlin during the German Revolution.

Helen Clark (b. 1950) was the Prime Minister o…

Helen Clark (b. 1950) was the Prime Minister
of New Zealand between 1999 and 2008. She was the second woman to hold that
office and one of the longest-serving Prime Ministers of the country.

She became a Member of
Parliament in 1981 as one of eight female MPs. As Prime Minister, she focused
on turning New Zealand into the world’s first ecologically sustainable nation
and on achieving economic growth and gender equality. Later, in 2009, she
became the first female Administrator of the United Nations Development
Programme.

Federica Montseny (1905-1994) was one of the f…

Federica
Montseny
(1905-1994)
was one of the first female ministers in Europe, as the Minister of Health and
Social Policy in her native country of Spain. She was also an important
anarchist activist.

During her time as Minister of Health, she transformed
public health to focus on the working class and those without financial
possibilities. She implemented locally available, preventative health
programmes, and raised awareness of reproductive rights. She was part of an
anarchist trade union and wrote for journals such as Solidaridad Obrera or Tierra
y Libertad.

Natalie Bennett (b. 1966) is a British-Austral…

Natalie
Bennett
(b. 1966)
is a British-Australian politician, the former leader of the Green Party of
England and Wales. Her political career was focused on the advancement of green
and feminist causes.

She joined the Green
Party in 2006 and founded its women’s group. She was elected as the leader of
the party in 2012, and again in 2014.

Christine Stewart (1941-2015) was a Canadian p…

Christine Stewart (1941-2015) was a
Canadian politician who held various cabinet positions during her career, such
as Secretary of State for Latin America and Africa, and Minister of the
Environment.

During her time as
Minister of the Environment, she promoted numerous actions for the
environmental protection and against climate change. After leaving politics,
she acted as a special envoy to Cameroon for the Commonwealth Secretary
General.

Mamphela Ramphele (b. 1947) is a politician an…

Mamphela Ramphele (b. 1947) is a politician and activist from South Africa. She is the founder of the anti-apartheid Agang South Africa party, and served in other important positions such as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cape Town and Managing Director of the World Bank.

She studied at the University of Natal Medical School, at the time the only institution in South Africa that allowed black students in without permission from the government. She became a dedicated anti-apartheid activist and co-founded the Black Consciousness Movement. She is also a trustee of the Nelson Mandela Foundation and of the Link SA Fund, which provides underprivileged students to continue their higher education.

Sandra Kalniete (b. 1952) is a Latvian politic…

Sandra
Kalniete
(b.
1952) is a Latvian politician and diplomat. She has served as the Foreign
Minister of the country and is currently an MEP for the European People’s
Party.

As a diplomat, she served as Latvia’s
ambassador to the UN and UNESCO. She is the chair of the Reconciliation of
European Histories Group, which aims at coming to terms with Europe’s
totalitarian past.

Nina Boyle (1865-1943) was a pioneer of women’…

Nina
Boyle
(1865-1943) was a pioneer of women’s police
work in Great Britain. She campaigned for women to be allowed to serve as
constables, and established the first voluntary women’s police force in the
country in 1914.

She was a journalist and dedicated
suffragist, practicing investigative journalism for the official newspaper of
the Women’s Freedom League. In 1918, she became the first woman to stand for
election to the UK Parliament, paving the way for female MPs.

Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca (b. 1958) is the cu…

Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca (b. 1958) is the
current president of Malta, the youngest person and the second woman to hold
this position. She has been in office since 2014.

She has a degree in Legal and Humanistic Studies
and a public notary diploma. In 2014, after taking over the presidency of the
country, she established The President’s Foundation for the Wellbeing of
Society, a non-profit organisation aimed at promoting social inclusion and
higher living standards.

Caroline Kennedy (b. 1957) is the daughter of …

Caroline Kennedy (b. 1957)
is the daughter of John and Jacqueline Kennedy. She is an attorney and diplomat
who served as the US Ambassador to Japan and dedicated her career to law and
politics.

She studied at
Harvard and later earned a Juris Doctor from Columbia Law School. She has
written two books on civil liberties and supported Democratic candidates for
the US presidency, endorsing causes such as same-sex marriage and abortion
rights.