Category: women in science

Katherine Johnson, Nasa mathematician portrayed in Hidden Figures, dies at 101: undefined

Mary Dilys Glynne (1895-1991) was a plant pathologist who discovered methods to prevent various fungal diseases in crops, which led to  increased agricultural yields. This proved vital for Britain in the context of World War II. She was also the first woman to climb Mount Spencer in New Zealand.: undefined

Albina Girfanova (1957-2018) was a Russian anthropologist and linguist working for the
Russian Academy of Sciences. She undertook important research into several
Tungusic and Balkan languages.

She
studied at the Saint Petersburg State University and became an expert in
several languages, including Albanian, Turkish and Greek. Her studies focused
on the Tungusic people, language and culture, native of Siberia.

Tam O’Shaughnessy (b. 1952) is a children’s science writer and former professional tennis
player. Along with her partner Sally Ride, the first American woman in space, she co-founded
the Sally Ride Science company, a non-profit for STEM education.

She
had a PhD in school psychology, and worked as a professor for a number of
higher education institutions in the United States. She retired early to focus
her efforts on Sally Ride Science and promote STEM education for young people,
particularly girls.

Amy Barger (b. 1971) is an astronomer whose research
focuses on black holes, quasars and other very distant objects. She is a
professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

She obtained her PhD
from King’s College, University of Cambridge, in 1997, and started researching
the formation and morphology of distant galaxies. She has won numerous prizes
in recognition of her work, such as the Annie J. Cannon Award or the Pierce
Prize of the American Astronomical Society.

Ingeborg Hochmair (b. 1953) is an electrical engineer from Austria.
She helped create the first micro-electronic multi-channel cochlear implant in
1977.

She was the first
woman to obtain a PhD with distinction in electrical engineering from the Technical
University of Vienna. She co-founded the medical device company MED-EL in the
eighties, and so helped create the modern hearing aid.

Sylvia Lawler (1922-1966) was a researcher in the field of human genetics. Her
research focused on leukaemia and trophoblastic disease.

She
was part of the first ever department for the study of human genetics, founded
at University College, London. She became the first female professor at the
Institute for Cancer Research in 1980. She later established the first national
fetal tissue bank in the UK.

Angela Belcher (b. 1968) is a biological engineer and professor
at MIT. She is also the director of the Biomaterials Molecular Group at the
same institution.

She received her Phd in
Chemistry from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1997. Her research
includes the creation of a bacteriophage virus and using genetically modified
viruses to build lithium-ion batteries.

Susan B. Horwitz (1955-2014) was a notable computer scientist. She is best known for her research
in programming languages and software engineering.

She got
her PhD in Computer Science from Cornell University in 1985. She later became a
professor at the University of Wisconsin and published numerous paper in the
emerging field of computer science.

Johanna Westerdijk (1883-1961) was a plant pathologist from the Netherlands. She was the
first female professor in the country.

She
studied in Amsterdam, Munich and Zurich, obtaining her PhD in 1906. The same
year she became the director of a phytopathological laboratory in Baarn, and was later in charge of the
International Association of Botanists. She served as the president of the
International Federation of University Women.